What Is A Net Working Capital And Why Is It Important?

StrategyDriven Managing Your Finances Article |Net Working Capital|What Is A Net Working Capital And Why Is It Important?Many, if not most, businesses need money to develop, survive, and grow. Organizations need the right amount of cash to meet both short-term and long-term needs without high risks of ruining their businesses. Thus, a stable and sufficient net working capital should exist within these companies’ financial accounts.

Net Working Capital: A Brief Overview

Perhaps the simplest definition of net working capital is money that a business has in its bank account. It’s also the measurement of the liquidity, efficiency of operations, and overall financial health of a business entity. Therefore, if a business possesses a working capital of good standing, it can grow through various investments.

Note that it’s possible to grow the net working capital through various means. Organizations can produce additional sales, build long-term relationships with clients, and develop products and services. It’s also possible to acquire additional working capital by borrowing the cash from reliable lending corporations.

Having a lender loan the cash you need to start and maintain projects might help your company grow. You can use the acquired money to purchase equipment to streamline processes or hire additional workers to finish tasks quickly.

Calculating Net Working Capital

Always keep in mind that money is a finite resource. Hence, it would be best to learn how to calculate working capital to let you know the amount of money needed to develop, sustain, or grow business operations.

Don’t worry, as it’s not severely challenging to calculate your company’s working capital. It’s as straightforward as subtracting your business’ current liabilities from its current assets.
Your firm’s current assets may include (but not limited to) the following:

  • Current inventory
  • Cash and cash equivalent
  • Accounts receivables
  • Prepaid expenses
  • Marketable investments and securities
  • Other liquid assets

As for your current liabilities, these may include the following:

  • Accounts payables
  • Taxes
  • Accumulated expenses
  • Interest payables
  • Short-term loans

For example, a small business wants to calculate its net working capital and compiles all the data required to acquire this figure. After gathering all the necessary receipts, documents, and files, the company might find its current assets at USD$100,000. They then need to collect and calculate payables, such as taxes, loans, and other expenses. Now, it finds that the business has USD$45,000 in current liabilities. Using the formula of subtracting current liabilities from current assets, the net working capital is USD$55,000. Hence, the company could use this amount to cover operational costs and meet other short-term obligations.

It’s highly recommended for entrepreneurs to know how to calculate their company’s net working capital. The ability to be aware of your business’ income sources helps you check whether you have a steady income source to thrive and survive.

Importance Of Net Working Capital

Without a sufficient amount in one’s net working capital could lead to mild or serious issues. Avoid these concerns by looking at the various reasons why a working capital is essential in developing and maintaining a business.

  • Maintain Smooth Operations

Maintaining smooth business operations is crucial to the profitability of relatively any company. A successful business thrives on providing products or services that people want to purchase.

Providing your business with a stable and sufficient working capital helps the organization maintain smooth operations. Otherwise, you might encounter certain problems, such as the lack of funds to provide workers’ salaries.
If this scenario happens, it could lead to more serious risks. Your employees might go on strike and may not return to their working stations until you provide them with their just financial compensations.

Another problem you might run into is the lack of stable finances to continue producing goods for customers. If your sales representative tells your customers that you don’t have enough stocks for a particular item, you’re going to lose valuable sales. Furthermore, customers might opt to purchase from your competitors instead, and this scenario accounts for lost short-term and long-term sales opportunities.

  • Improve Company Earnings And Profitability

Many small businesses don’t have the financial resources available to sustain their operations and make them grow, unlike large corporations. Therefore, it might be tough to create a profit without knowing and possessing financial stability in the business’s net working capital.
If so, begin by asking yourself how you plan to handle your working capital. Using the formula mentioned above would calculate your company’s net working capital to know the budget for your short-term and long-term projects. In turn, you can figure out the company’s earning potentials and maintain profitability to access eventual growth opportunities.

  • Minimize Costs While Maximizing Returns

Knowing your company’s net working capital also helps you minimize costs while maximizing revenue potentials. It’s because knowing the figure in that aspect enables you to balance various benefits versus the costs.

For example, you might find that your organization is holding high inventory levels. Note that several benefits may come from having plenty of stock to offer to clients. That idea might not always be the most efficient solution, especially for startups and small businesses.
Excess inventory will take up valuable storage space. Hence, your company may not have enough room for other products, unless you’re willing to spend extra cash for additional storage. Furthermore, you need to add the costs of financing and insuring the inventory in case of losses. In turn, the excess stocks may lead to more costs for your organization if you can’t dispose of them soon.

It’s possible to figure out the right number of products needed for your business’ storage while satiating the needs of your loyal customers without spending too much of the company’s financial assets. You could achieve the answer to this particular concern by calculating your business’s net working capital.

  • Helps Identify And Solve Efficiency Issues

When your company has problems with the flow of funds, it might be because you may have too little money for your accounts receivables. But you might not know about this issue if you don’t know how to calculate for your firm’s net working capital.

In turn, you can identify and solve efficiency issues in your business. Identifying your organization’s working capital allows you to look at where your money is coming from and where it’s going. Thus, you can formulate plans to solve productivity issues to increase the business’ cash flow.


A company’s net working capital helps meet its short-term goals, which might lead to long-term solutions. Calculating the working capital and understanding its importance allows entrepreneurs to develop actionable strategies and implement projects based on their spending power.

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