9 Uses of Dams in Civil Construction

StrategyDriven Tactical Execution Article|Dams in Civil Construction|9 Uses of Dams in Civil ConstructionCivil engineers design dams and the final product is amazing. Dams are majestic but they also serve many purposes. Here’s a look at what dams are and the structures’ many uses.

What Is A Dam?

Dams are barriers built across a river or stream. Engineers design dams so water pools behind the barrier. Water is collected on the upstream side of the dam and the water is called a reservoir. The other side of the barrier is called downstream. Municipalities who plan to build dams need civil engineering services.

There are many types of dams including embankment dams. These are artificial dams made with a semi-plastic structure and a mix of sand, soil, clay, and rock. Gravity dams are huge and are made of stone and concrete masonry. Earthen dams are made of soil while timber dams are made with wood.

#1 Irrigation

Results of a recent study show half of the world’s large dams were built for irrigation. Moreover, over a billion people around the globe depend on reservoir-generated irrigation. Egypt sits in the middle of the desert and crops have been depleted by droughts. The Aswan High Dam was built to protect farmers by controlling water flowing in the Nile River. An agreement between Egypt and Sudan allows Sudanese farmers to use some of the water.

#2 & #3 Water Supply

Some water from reservoirs is used to supply fresh water for commercial and residential use. Further, dams are often used to control water flow in rivers. Warragamba is an Australian dam used to supply water to millions of people.

#4 Hydropower

Hydropower is popular because it’s environmentally friendly. The U.S. is one of the largest producers of hydropower, followed by Canada. Dams produce up to 12 percent of the U.S. power supply. Brazil’s Itaipu Dam is the world’s largest hydropower dam.

#5 Flood Control

Flood control dams hold floodwater and prevent it from getting to residential areas. They’re usually built in areas where flooding happens regularly. For example, The Tennessee Valley Dams, help to control flood on the lower Mississippi, lower Ohio, and Tennessee Rivers. Floodwaters are either released downstream or stored for future use.

#6 Navigation

Navigation dams are used to allow ships to travel in certain rivers. The dam is designed so the river maintains a depth deep enough for ships to pass. Bonneville Dam, located in Washington State, is a river navigational dam.

#7 Debris Dam

A debris dam is used to store debris from river water. River water may contain sand, rocks, and wood. The water on the dam’s downstream side is clear.

#8 Recreational Purposes

Most dams serve more than one purpose. Indeed, the building of some dams created booming recreational areas. These areas would not exist if the dam hadn’t created the reservoir of water. Some communities built beaches adjacent to the reservoir along with boat landings. The Russell Dam was built on the border of South Carolina and Georgia in the 1970s and 1980s. The dam created Russell Lake which is the center of recreational activity. The dam’s original purpose was flood control and hydropower.

#9 Mine Tailing

Mine tailings are by-products of certain mine operations. Mine tailings disposal is a major environmental concern. The tailings have to be stored permanently and dams are the perfect repository. Previously, mine tailings were dumped in rivers and contaminated the area.
Civil engineers design many types of dams. Most dams serve many purposes including flood control, irrigation, and a source of hydropower. It’s easy to see why some dams are major tourist attractions.

Valuable Natural Materials: Three Things to Keep in Mind About Limestone Extraction

StrategyDriven Tactical Execution Article |Limestone Extraction|Valuable Natural Materials: Three Things to Keep in Mind About Limestone ExtractionLimestone is a great building material for exteriors and interiors of buildings. Limestone is also an ingredient in concrete and other products. Limestone has been a popular building material for centuries because it is relatively common and easy to extract and make into building materials. A limestone quarry is a kind of open-pit mine where blocks of stone are cut and moved to a location where they can be made into slabs that are then polished and cut into tiles, countertops, and building facing material.

What is Limestone?

Limestone is a natural stone consisting of carbonate sediments containing skeletal fragments of long-dead sea creatures such as coral, mollusks, and foraminifera. The minerals in limestone are aragonite and calcite. This stone is formed over millions of years of sedimentation. During the formation process, it is soluble to water and weak acid solutions. Because of this, cave systems and karst landscapes are formed.

Limestone contains impurities such as sand, clay, iron oxide, organic remains, and other materials that give it its pattern and color. For this reason, limestone will have unique colors and patterns at each extraction site. Limestone is a popular building material because it is fairly common and easy to work with. Limestone can be cut into building blocks or thin plates used as a building facade.

Quarrying Limestone

Limestone is a natural product of the earth and must be extracted by different methods. Limestone Quarry methods determine the quality and beauty of the limestone. Quarries or open mines are used to extract limestone and many other types of rocks used in the building and other industries. Methods of extracting rocks in the quarrying process include digging, heating, wedging, and blasting. The blasting process includes drilling holes with machines and filling them with explosive powders and tamping materials such as ash, clay, fuses and wiring. Then, an electric power supply is used to fire the fuses and explosives. The explosions help to remove sections of limestone from their natural bed.

There are different methods of running quarries and of safely extracting limestone. The best manufacturers use quarrying methods that result in the best slabs of limestone with the least damage to the area surrounding the quarry. When all the limestone has been extracted from a site a large hole is left which can fill with water forming a lake.

Before a quarry is started there will be an analysis of the resource to determine if there is enough good-quality limestone to make the quarry economically viable. This often involves a geological study. The quarry must be licensed and meet local environmental requirements.

Three Considerations For Limestone Extraction.

Three considerations for choosing and using limestone include:

  1. Is limestone suited to the building project? There are other natural stone products to consider. Some are harder than limestone and some have different textures and colorations. Consider the pros and cons of each material. For instance, limestone is susceptible to acids so using it on the exterior of a building where there is acid rain might present maintenance problems over time.
  2. How was this limestone quarried? Some limestone extraction companies use quarrying methods that are bad for the environment. Architects and builders should use suppliers of limestone building materials that use environmentally friendly methods of extraction and manufacture.
  3. Is the chosen stone within the budget and is there sufficient quantities of matching material? This is a natural material and if the job runs short, it is not possible to make more to match.

When the right limestone material is chosen for a building project, the results can be very durable and attractive. Limestone is fairly common and therefore budget-friendly. It is a durable attractive choice for building projects.

How Businesses Can Leverage Fulfillment Companies during an Economic Downturn

StrategyDriven Tactical Execution Article |Fulfillment Company|How Businesses Can Leverage Fulfillment Companies during an Economic DownturnThe pandemic has sent shockwaves all around the globe at a time when everyone was still reeling from the hangover of welcoming the New Year. People knew about the novel strand of Coronavirus that had been silently creeping into their lives and causing severe damages to their health. But no one ever fathomed in their wildest dreams that the whole world would come to a halt because of this virus. Industries started shutting down, and companies soon got out of business. This led to the economy to tank, and not just in one country but of the entire world. As a means to cut down on expenses and save the slump in the economy, industries started downsizing employees and resorting to alternative means to go about their business in as less money as possible. One of those means that we attempt to talk about in this article is a fulfillment company. Not many of you might be aware of what a fulfillment company is and what its functions are. And that is why we shall clear a bit on that part before discussing how companies have been using the 3PL strategy to manage the economic downturn.

What is a Fulfillment Company?

A Fulfillment Company is also known as a 3PL (third-party logistics) company that tends to take care of certain vital business criteria. This kind of company forms an integral part of the demand-supply chain of any business and also helps a business in its cost-cutting endeavors. Therefore, roping in a 3PL company in distressing times can come in handy for several industries. Now that companies are having a hard time to stay afloat, more and more enterprises are turning towards a fulfillment company to fulfil their basic requirements. In other words, a 3PL company is a resort that businesses can outreach to and get some of their very important functions related to supply chain fulfilled. Now, if you have been wondering about how a 3PL company works, here is what you need to know. A fulfillment company receives inventories from manufacturers and then follows the specific instructions about shipping the products to the consumers.

The Need for a 3PL:

3PL companies have more than just one use, and their demand has skyrocketed now more than ever, in the times of pandemic. However, even under normal circumstances, the role of a 3 Pl company is indispensable. There are mainly three reasons why you mighty require the services of a 3PL company. The first reason why you might need a 3 PL company is if you have more than 20 orders to take care of in a day. It might not be possible for you to handle the bulk on your own, and therefore, the need for a 3PL company becomes imperative. You will also require the services of a 3PL company if you find yourself running out of storage space. Storage spaces can be extremely costly, and in these trying economic times, when you are looking for ways to cut down on costs, 3PL services might just be the way to go. Finally, you might also need a 3PL service if you are expecting a spike in the volumes of your order. You might not have enough resources to handle the volume yourself and therefore, might want some additional help.

Types of 3PLs:

Now that we are in the midst of a pandemic and companies are looking for ways to cut down the expenses to stay afloat, it is important to learn a bit about which 3PL services would come handy to save the situation. There are a number of 3PL services. Full service, Warehousing, Transportation, Distribution, and Shipping and Receiving are some of them. 3PL services are eclectic in their approach and have a myriad of solutions up their sleeves. For instance, a full service will meet your end-to-end requirements and come in as a package, whereas warehousing will only take care of the requirements of the warehouse, meaning, these services would seek to store, ship and return products. To trim down the expenses, you could opt for one of these services and manage the rest on your own. Companies are also laying off employees to opt for a full-service facility from a 3PL company.


These are extraordinary times, and nothing like we have seen or experienced before. Difficult times, therefore, call for innovative measures. Life shall continue to thrive, and people shall learn to live alongside the virus. Businesses shall, therefore, require smart ways to function and with the discussion that followed in this article about a 3PL company, it seems like these services are wise options. Roping in a reliable 3PL company shall not only help a business stay afloat, but also make the supply chain seamless.

Truck Driving Tips: Safety Rules for a Long Haul

StrategyDriven Tactical Execution Article |Truck Driving Safety|Truck Driving Tips: Safety Rules for a Long HaulThe safety of truck drivers and the safety of other drivers on the road are of primary importance. Being a successful truck driver does not start and end with you obtaining your CDL. Driving safely is easier said than done. Staying safe on the road, especially during harsh weather conditions can be hard. To drive professionally, you will need a great deal of skill, since truck driving carries a lot of duties for the safety of others on the road. Being safe is what will keep you alive every time you are confronted with the anxious moments when you are behind the wheel.

Truck Driving Safety Tips

What are you shipping?

Sometimes, you will be called on to haul hazardous goods; in that case, it is significant to know what you are hauling. Any element that is considered to have a threat to people and the environment is considered as hazardous materials. For example, when you are shipping lithium ion batteries, there are things you must know. The hazardous materials should be marked in English; you must have some training, including general awareness and acquaintance with hazardous materials. It is vital that you know your responsibility as a carrier to safely and securely transport dangerous goods.

Wear your seat belt

Truckers can overcome accidents; however, that should not be an excuse for not using their seat belts. As a matter of fact, all truck drivers and passengers are required by law to wear seat belts. According to the NHTSA, the safest choice that a driver and the passengers can make is to fasten their seatbelts. Buckling up helps you stay safe inside your truck, not buckling up can end to you being ejected from your vehicle in the event of an accident. Always follow the seat belt guidelines to maintain your safety and other road users’.

Eat healthy on the Go

The big challenge with motorists who want to eat healthy meals is getting over the usual high-calorie cost to find a low-priced but healthy food variety while out on the road. Moreover, a healthier diet and enough rest will keep you more attentive on the road. Ensure that you get enough sleep and pull-over whenever you feel tired. Most grocery stores have ample parking for trailers, although you will have to walk a bit. Grab a light grub, stretch your legs, and take a nap. Avoid junks like sugary drinks and don’t consume heavy meals; they can trigger drowsiness. Instead, opt for healthy alternatives that can keep you alert on the road.

Keep lane changes at the minimum

To be safe on the road, you need adequate space all around your truck. In case something goes wrong, space gives you enough time to take action. Commercial vehicles are typically broad and can take up most of the lane. However, if you are a safe driver, you will manage the little space you have by keeping your truck fixed in the lane and avoid driving on the edges. It is advisable to pick a lane and stay on it; however, if it is necessary that you change lanes, move very carefully, beware of blind spots, and frequently check your side mirrors.

Adjust for bad weather

There are some areas that are known for having unpredictable weather; however, you should try and keep track of changes and avoid hazardous road conditions as much as possible. Changing climate and poor road conditions impact commercial trucks more than passenger vehicles. Road conditions are not within your control; however, there are numerous sources that can help you keep up with the weather and road conditions. Commercial trucks usually need a lengthier stopping space, so cut your haste by one third on damp roads and by one half on frosty or snowy roads.

Additionally, take your time to maneuver on poor road weather and allow your blinker to run for five blinks before you change lanes.

  • Watch out for blind spots
  • The typical ‘no zones’ include
  • Straight behind your truck
  • Just behind the side mirrors
  • Off to the side just in from of the cab

Motorists who are not aware of these blind spots may drive dangerously close to one another. This can be very annoying, but it is up to you to exercise caution before turning or even changing lanes. Also, make sure that you are maintaining a safe distance between you and other motorists.

Avoid distracted driving

Distracted driving is one of the leading causes of accidents on the road. Distractions can be categorized into three types, namely;

  • Manual
  • Cognitive
  • Visual

Nowadays, the most common type of distraction comes from mobile phones and other technological devices. The probability of causing an accident when using a cell phone is four times higher. The risk increases significantly, considering the amount of time cell phone usage can occur during a drive, especially when it is a long one. Using voice-activated or one-touch dialing is the best way to avoid cell phone distraction while driving.

Always beware of your trailer

The typical trailer is about 70 feet long; hence, you must beware of the trailer whenever you are making turns or changing lanes. Before changing lanes or making a turn, make sure that your mirrors are fixed and turn-on signal for three seconds and then take seven seconds to make a lane change.

Safety Tips for When You Arrive

Don’t stop following the safety tips just because you are hauling into a truck corner. Things can go wrong even when you are packing. Make sure to follow your path and examine your endpoint. Inspect your truck even after packing and unload the cargo wisely. After unloading your vehicle, inspect your truck and report any faults and lock the doors.

Bottom Line

Trucking comes with its own way of life, and it is not just an ordinary career. The long hours and the lengthy drives can take its fee. However, if you follow the above safety tips, you will return home in one piece to your family every time.

Getting Your Goods to Your Customers in the Best Way Possible

StrategyDriven Tactical Execution Article |Getting Your Goods to Customers|Getting Your Goods to Your Customers in the Best Way PossibleWhen you run a small business, you put a lot of work into reaching the point of sale. You have to design innovative products. You have to conduct market research to ensure your idea is feasible and that there’s demand for it. You have to figure out manufacturing pass products you do produce through product testing. That’s before you mention web design and development, product photography, product descriptions, social media and much more. So, it’s bound to be an exciting moment when you actually make a sale! But that’s not the end of the journey. You’re going to have to get the product to the buyer. This is just as important as any other step and you need to make sure that your products are packaged and delivered perfectly to wrap up the perfect customer experience. Here are a few suggestions that could help you to achieve this!

Consider Eco-Friendly Packaging

People are growing increasingly aware of the impact that human behaviour is having on the planet. We’re destroying the very place that sustains and many people want to do something about this. From a moral stance, you should join this movement and implement eco-friendly packaging for all of your products in order to reduce the amount of non-biodegradable waste being produced and ending up in landfill, the sea and elsewhere. In terms of marketing and customer satisfaction, this is a good idea too. Customers will appreciate the effort and will favour your brand accordingly. Eco-conscious customers will be more likely to shop with you!

Using Couriers vs. Using Your Own Delivery Methods

Whether you use couriers or not will depend on the size of your business, how much money you have to invest into shipping and how much demand your products have. If you’re a small business, using a courier is probably most cost-effective and logical. Price check different services and read up reviews to ensure customers are happy with them. If you’re a bigger brand, you could invest in your own trucks, recruit drivers and deliver up and down the country yourself. Of course, 80,000 pound big-rig trucks need to be properly managed on the roads, so check all drivers’ qualifications and maintain the vehicles well.

Shipping Quickly

We’re living in a convenience age that revolves around instant gratification. People tend to want things and want them now. So, the sooner you can get items out to them, the happier they will generally be! Focus on shipping as quickly as possible for the best feedback and reviews. Next day delivery options can also drastically boost sales by allowing for impulsive purchases and getting the product out to the customer before they reconsider and cancel. It also caters to those who need last minute items for occasions, such as birthdays.

These suggestions are so simple to implement. But you’ll have to actively do this yourself. So, focus on them and incorporate them into your shipping process!